If you are a UK national, you are living in the UK, and:
If you are not a UK national, but you are living in the UK and you get married in the UK, you can still use a Deed Poll, but this will only potentially be effective for updating your documents and records in the UK. Even only updating your documents in the UK may be dependent on whether or not you can update your passport whilst in the UK. This is because, to update your documents in the UK, you must be changing your name “for all purposes” and if you cannot update your passport, you may not be able to show that you have changed your name “for all purposes”.
In order to update your passport, documents and records in your country of origin, you will have to follow the procedure in your country of origin. We recommend that you check with your Embassy or High Commission in the UK, what the procedure for you would be. You should ask if your country of origin would accept your change of name by Deed Poll, if they will issue a new passport and if they have any special requirements for your Deed Poll to be recognised. For instance, they may require your Deed Poll to be witnessed by a solicitor, or “legalised”. For further information, please go to the Deed Poll Information list at the top left of this page, and click on “Certified/Legalised/Duplicate Copies”.
If your marriage was not in the UK and your certificate is not in English, you may need to have it officially translated by an accredited translator, or you can change your name by Deed Poll and use the Deed Poll to change the name on your documents in the UK. As you are the national of another country, you will also have to follow the procedure for changing your name on your documents and passport in that other country (see above).
Whatever the requirements are in your country of origin, you should always ensure that your passport, travel bookings and tickets are all in the same name before you travel, or you may be denied entry into a country, or refused passage on an aircraft. Also, if your travel between countries involves use of a visa, some visas may automatically expire when a passport is renewed. You should bear this in mind when updating your passport, if, for instance, your return to the UK depends upon the inclusion of a valid visa.
If you are a UK national, but you are living abroad, how you change the name on your passport will depend upon what your new name will be. You will be subject to the rules set out above that relate to your proposed change of name.
As you are living abroad, you should consider carefully how best to change the name on your passport, as your passport, travel bookings and tickets must always be in the same name. If they are not, you may be denied entry into another country or refused passage by an airline or other transport provider. If you want to update your passport whilst visiting the UK, you will need to have an address in the UK for long enough for the passport to reach you there. Alternatively, you could use the premium one-day service at HM Passport Office and apply in person and make an appointment in advance for a specific day and time. If you are not visiting the UK, you can apply for a new passport through the Foreign Office, British Embassy or High Commission. Any such bodies will accept a Deed Poll, but generally advise that it must be witnessed by a solicitor or notary public, which will increase your costs. You will also have to provide other documentary evidence and should check first with the relevant office which documents you will need.
If your marriage takes place abroad and your certificate is not in English, you will have to have it officially translated by an accredited translator, or you can change your name by Deed Poll and use the Deed Poll to change the name on your passport. If you are also the national of another country, you will also have to follow the procedure for changing your name in that other country.